Effects of Taping on Achilles Tendon Protection and Kendo Performance
By Human Kinetics Journals | 09 February 2017
Type:Randomized
Sample Size:15
Outcome:Positive


Context

It has been reported that there is high rate of Achilles tendon injury among kendo athletes. For protection and support the area, kendo athletes habitually use taping during practice or games.

Objective

To investigate the effect of various taping techniques on injury prevention and functional performance in kendo athletes.

Design

Case-control study.

Setting

Laboratory.

Participants

Fifteen University Kendo Team athletes with at least 2 years kendo experience.

Main Outcome Measures

Athletes completed 5 stepping backwards and striking cycles under four taping conditions: No taping; Athletic taping of ankle joint (AT-Ankle); Athletic taping of Achilles tendon (AT-Achilles); and Kinesio-Tex taping of Achilles tendon (KT-Achilles). Jump distance, lower limb angular motion, left foot-ground contact time, Achilles tendon force (ATF), and soleus and medial gastrocnemius muscle activities.

Results

Lowest peak ATF was found in AT-Achilles during heel-down phase, statistically significantly different from KT-Achilles peak force. Significant decline of soleus muscle EMG amplitude was also found when compared to No taping, during heel-down phase and other conditions during pushing phase. Conversely, KT-Achilles showed significant decrease in foot-ground contact time compared with No taping and greater ankle range of motion than in AT-Ankle.

Conclusion

To protect the Achilles tendon, AT-Achilles taping is recommended since it tends to decrease ATF. Conversely, to enhance athletes' performance, we recommend KT-Achilles taping to speed up kendo striking motion. However, the Achilles tendon must withstand greatest forces concurrently. This finding implies that AT-Achilles taping can protect the injured Achilles tendon and KT-Achilles taping can enhance performance on the kendo striking motion.

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