The Potential Effect of Cervical Taping on Pain, Disability and Kinematics in Patients with Chronic Neck Pain - A Quasi-Experimental Study
By Journal of Yoga, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation | 09 January 2018
Type:Quasi-Experimental
Sample Size:27
Outcome:Positive
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Purpose

To evaluate the effects of elastic therapeutic cervical taping on patients with chronic neck pain.

Methods

This study was a non-controlled, quasi-experimental pre-post quantitative research study design. Intervention included application of elastic tape over the posterior cervical extensor muscles from insertion to origin on patients with chronic neck pain. Patients were assessed pre-taping, immediately post-taping, and one-week post-taping. Patients did not receive any additional therapy during the week of the study. Self-reported measures included pain intensity measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), disability measured by the Neck Disability Index (NDI), and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) to assess fear of movement or re-injury. Objective kinematic outcome measures included cervical range of motion, velocity, smoothness, and accuracy of cervical motion. These were collected using the neck virtual reality system designed to evaluate neck kinematics impairments.

Results

Twenty-seven individuals with neck pain (13 men; 14 women), with a mean age of 45.2216.61 years participated; 24 (89%) completed the study protocol. Results showed significant pre- to post-taping differences in pain intensity (p<0.001), ROM (p<0.05), and neck motion accuracy error (p < 0.05) in all directions excluding flexion. Changes in VAS and ROM exceeded MDC/MCID. Cohen's d results demonstrated a medium effect size immediately post-intervention and a large effect size one week after intervention

Conclusion

This quasi-experimental study may suggest cervical taping could be beneficial in reducing pain and increasing mobility for short-term relief in patients with chronic neck pain. Current results are limited in lack of control and further randomized controlled trials are essentially needed to investigate taping's effectiveness in comparison to control or other existing interventions.

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