The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of 2 different therapies, pressure release (PR) and kinesiotaping (KT) for myofascial pain syndrome in the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Experimental, randomized, controlled, single-blind study. KT was applied for group C, PR to treat group B and placebo to treat group A. The used variables were: Algometry, Numerical Pain Scale (NPS), Questionnaire of Quality of Life SF-12, and Goniometry of cervical complex. Participants were assisted in public hospitals of the Balearic Health Service (Spain), from March 2012 to March 2013. The study includes a sample of 75 patients with cervical myofascial pain syndrome of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Each patient received three appointments. Each appointment lasted 20 minutes approximately.
Questionnaire SF-12 shows that the improvement of the quality of life with KT was 10.32 points (P < 0.001), with PR was 5.0 points (P < 0.05) and the group A with placebo treatment scored 2.20 points (P < 0.05). NPS for KT shows a reduction of pain of 24.00% (P < 0.001), for PR a reduction of 11.20% (P < 0.001), and in group A no significant outcome was found. Algometry shows that the pain is reduced with the KT and the PR significantly. Goniometry of cervical complex improved significantly with KT for all range of mobility.
KT and PR are two therapeutic techniques which help to reduce pain, show increased levels in Goniometry (cervical movements) and contribute to improve quality of life. It seems that KT could be more effective than PR.
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