Kinesio Taping Improves Perceptions of Pain and Function of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. A Randomized, Controlled Trial
By Journal of Sport Rehabilitation | 21 February 2018
Type:Randomized Controlled trial
Sample Size:141
Outcome:Positive
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Context

Although increasingly used for therapeutic treatment only limited evidence exists regarding the effects of kinesio taping on patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Objective

To determine the effects of kinesio taping on pain, function, gait and neuromuscular control concerning patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Design

Randomized sham-controlled trial.

Setting

University laboratory.

Participants

141 Patients (65.17.0 years) with a clinical and radiographic diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis.

Intervention

Kinesio tape, sham tape or no tape for 3 consecutive days.

Main Outcome Measures

Self-reported pain, stiffness and function were measured by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC). Further tests included the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS-Test), 10-m Walk Test (10MWT), the maximum voluntary isometric contraction force (MVIC) of the quadriceps femoris and knee active range of motion (active ROM).

Results

At baseline, there were no differences in all outcomes between groups except for knee flexion. Significant effects were found for WOMAC pain (tape vs. sham p=0.053; tape vs. control p=0.047), stiffness (tape vs. sham p=0.012; tape vs. control p≤0.001) and physical function (tape vs. sham p=0.034; tape vs. control p=0.004). No interactions were found for balance, muscle strength, walking speed or active ROM.

Conclusion

Wearing kinesio tape for three consecutive days had beneficial effects regarding self-reported clinical outcomes of pain, joint stiffness and function. This emphasizes that kinesio taping might be an adequate conservative treatment for the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis.

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