Effect of Kinesio taping on electromyographic activity of leg muscles during gait in children with developmental coordination disorder: A randomized controlled trial
By Medicine | 01 February 2019
Type:Randomized Controlled Trial
Sample Size:25
Outcome:Positive
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Objective

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Kinesio tape (KT) on lower limb muscle activation pattern in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) during walking.

Design

A parallel-group randomized controlled trial.

Setting

University laboratory setting.

Participants

Twenty-five children with DCD were randomly allocated to the KT group (mean age?=?7.97 years) and 24 to the control group (mean age?=?8.04 years).

Intervention

KT group received KT application to the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles whereas the control group received no intervention.

Measurements

Peak muscle activation (in percentage of maximal voluntary isometric contraction [%MVIC]) in the lower limbs during gait was measured by means of surface electromyography, electrogoniometry, and foot contact switches.

Results

Gastrocnemius medialis activation during mid stance (23.46%MVIC, 95% CI?=?-32.53, -14.39) and late stance phases (3.25%MVIC, 95% CI?=?-5.67, -0.81) of gait increased after the application of KT in the KT group compared to baseline values. The KT group demonstrated 26.87%MVIC (95% CI?=?26.87, 7.11) higher gastrocnemius medialis muscle peak activation during mid stance phase at post-test when compared with the control group. Moreover, gastrocnemius medialis and biceps femoris muscle peak activation during loading response decreased by 8.36%MVIC (95% CI?=?2.71, 14.02) and 3.54%MVIC (95% CI?=?1.08, 6.01), respectively, in the control group overtime.

Conclusions

The application of KT on children with DCD had an increased gastrocnemius medialis muscle activation during stance phase. KT could be incorporated into gait re-education programmes to facilitate muscle contraction in these children.

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